Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 664 OF 4531

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Environmental Determinants of Lead Burdens in Children.
Author Galke, W. A. ; Hammer, D. I. ; Keil, J. E. ; Lawrence., S. W. ;
CORP Author Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, N.C. Population Studies Div.
Year Published 1975
Report Number EPA/600/J-78/022;
Stock Number PB-283 567
Additional Subjects Lead(Metal) ; Children ; Exposure ; Soils ; Vehicular traffic ; Paints ; Environments ; Concentration(Composition) ; Blood chemical analysis ; Demography ; Correlation ; Toxicology ; South Carolina ; Statistical analysis ; Toxic substances ; Body burdens ; Air pollution effects(Humans) ; Black Americans ; Charleston(South Carolina)
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
NTIS  PB-283 567 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/23/1988
Collation 24p
Abstract
Lead burdens in children were studied in relation to exposure to lead from soil and from automobile traffic in Charleston, SC. Preschool aged black children exposed to a variety of soil leads and traffic volumes were recruited in a house-to-house survey. Data regarding soil, traffic, and paint exposure and demographic information also were collected. Soil lead concentrations ranged from 9 to 7,890 ppm with a daily median of 585 ppm. Children's homes faced streets with a daily volume of < 1,000 to 16,000 cars with 51% being in the high traffic recruitment area. Lead paint concentrations varied both within and between homes (0-30 mg/sq cm in porch railings, 0-51 mg/sq cm in exterior sidings). Children's blood lead levels ranged from 18 to 77 micrograms/dl with a mean of 38 micrograms/dl. Since three representations of traffic volume were available, a separate regression analysis was done for each. Soil lead was always statistically significant while traffic volume and lead paint (exterior siding and door frame) were significant when traffic was represented as high-low. Little influence of demographic or individual characteristics on blood leads was found. These results suggest that measurement of all environmental lead sources must be considered in future lead body burden studies.