||Environmental Source Book on the Photovoltaics Industry.
Moskowitz, P. D. ;
Kalb, P. D. ;
Lee, J. C. ;
Fthenakis, V. M. ;
||Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Air and Energy Engineering Research Lab.
Photovoltaic cells ;
Hazardous materials ;
Air pollution control ;
Stationary sources ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
The report gives background information on the photovoltaics industry to help the U.S. EPA evaluate premanufacture notice (PMN) and significant new use regulation (SNUR) submittals from the industry. It also gives information for photovoltaics industry on the Toxic Substances Control Act (OSCA) compliance requirements. This industry uses a large diversity of toxic and hazardous chemicals. Attention is currently focused on such gases as silane, phosphine, arsine, diborane, and hydrogen selenide which may be used in large quantities and for which there is limited industrial experience. Most materials used by the industry are already listed in the TSCA Inventory List. Unlisted compounds are used as feedstocks or are the actual products themselves. Manufacturers using or producing unlisted materials must apply to the EPA for a PMN. Some materials (especially those defined to be acutely toxic) contained in the Inventory List may be used in larger quantity or in applications which differ from current industrial use; these are potential candidates for SNUR.