||Emissions of metals, chromium and nickel species, and organics from municipal wastewater sludge incinerators. hexavalent chromium method evaluation / Volume II, Site 5 emission test report :
Segall, Robin R. ;
DeWees, W. G.
||Entropy Environmentalists, Inc., Research Triangle Park, NC. ;DEECO, Inc., Cary, NC. ;Lewis (F. Michael), Mountain View, CA.;Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Risk Reduction Engineering Lab.
|| Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
||EPA/600/4-92/003B; EPA-68-CO-0027; EPA/600/R-92/003B
Sewage sludge--Incineration--Environmental aspects. ;
Chromium compounds--Environmental aspects.
Sewage sludge ;
Sludge disposal ;
Air pollution sampling ;
Air pollution detection ;
Chemical analysis ;
Combustion products ;
Air sampling ;
Site surveys ;
Ion chromatography ;
Mass spectroscopy ;
Isotopic labeling ;
Tracer studies ;
Molecular energy levels ;
Chromium isotopes ;
Inductively coupled argon plasmography ;
EPA method 5
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||89 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
At Site 5, three candidate sampling methods and two candidate analytical methods for hexavalent chromium were assessed. The conversion of hexavalent chromium (Cr (+6)) to other valence states of chromium during sampling and sample storage was of primary concern. Method 5-type samples and impinger train samples were collected by PEI Associates, Inc. Dilution train samples were collected bySouthern Research Institute. Method 5-type train samples were analyzed by Technology Applications, Inc.'s (TAI) staff under contract to EPA's Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory (EMSL) in Cincinnati, Ohio. Dilution train samples, Method 5-type samples, and impinger train samples were analyzed by Entropy Environmentalists, Inc. TAI used an ion chromatograph with post column reaction (IC/PCR) and inductively coupled argon plasmography/mass spectrometry (ICP/MS) to analyze the Method 5-type samples. A stable chromium isotope (63CR(+6)) spiked onto the Method 5 filter prior to sample collection was used to assess conversion of Cr(+6). The samples analyzed by Entropy were collected using a dilution train on an 8.5 in X 11 in glass fiber filter, a Method 5-type sampling train on an 82 mm quartz fiber filter, and an impinger sampling train with an alkaline impinger reagent, and spiked with native hexavalent chromium and a radioactively-labeled chromium isotope (51Cr(+6)). The samples were analyzed for hexavalent chromium by IC/PCR and for the radioactive isotopes by scintillation (gamma) counting. EMSL has not released the TAI data. The preliminary method evaluation testing demonstrated that all sampling methods had problems with conversion of hexavalent chromium.