Global environmental degradation and biodiversity loss: implications for human health / Eric Chivian -- Earthly dominion: population growth, biodiversity, and health / Robert Engelman -- Biodiversity and emerging infectious diseases: integrating health and ecosystem monitoring / Paul R. Epstein, Andrew Dobson, and John Vandermeer -- Fatal synergisms: interactions between infectious diseases, human population growth, and loss of biodiversity / Andrew Dobson, Mary S. Campbell, and Jensa Bell -- Biodiversity loss in and around agroecosystems / John Vandermeer. The origins of prescription drugs / Francesca Grifo [and others] -- Natural products for the treatment of infectious diseases / Catherine A. Laughlin and Alexandra S. Fairfield -- Capturing the chemical value of biodiversity: economic perspectives and policy prescriptions / Anthony Artuso -- Indigenous peoples and conservation / Paul Alan Cox -- Medicinal plants for healing the planet: biodiversity and environmental health care / Robert S. McCaleb. Returning benefits from ethnobotanical drug discovery to native communities / Katy Moran -- A paradigm for the equitable sharing of benefits resulting from biodiversity research and development / Thomas D. Mays [and others] -- Integrating drug discovery, biodiversity conservation, and economic development: early lessons from the international cooperative biodiversity groups / Joshua Rosenthal -- Causes and consequences of biodiversity loss: liquidation of natural capital and biodiversity resource development in Costa Rica. Daniel H. Janzen -- Sustainable use of biodiversity: myths, realities, and potential / Charles M. Peters -- Opportunities for collaboration between the biomedical and conservation communities / Walter V. Reid -- Afterword: a proposal for a national council on biodiversity and human health / Byron J. Bailey and John T. Grupenhoff. "The implications of biodiversity loss for the global environment have been widely discussed, but only recently has attention been paid to its direct and serious effects on human health. Biodiversity loss affects the spread of human diseases, causes a loss of medical models, diminishes the supplies of raw materials for drug discovery and biotechnology, and threatens food production and water quality." "Biodiversity and Human Health brings together leading thinkers on the global environment and biomedicine to explore the human health consequences of the loss of biological diversity. Based on a two-day conference sponsored by the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and the Smithsonian Institution, the book opens a dialogue among experts from the fields of public health, biology, epidemiology, botany, ecology, demography, and pharmacology on this vital but often neglected concern."--Jacket.