Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 175 OF 704

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Effects of DOWICIDE (Trade Name) G-ST on Development of Experimental Estuarine Macrobenthic Communities.
Author Tagatz, M. E. ; Ivey, J. M. ; Tobia, M. ;
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Gulf Breeze, FL. Gulf Breeze Environmental Research Lab.
Year Published 1978
Report Number EPA/600/J-78/077 ;GULF BREEZE CONTRIB-352;
Stock Number PB-290 037
Additional Subjects Pesticides ; Biocides ; Benthos ; Toxicology ; Exposure ; Chlorine organic compounds ; Concentration(Composition) ; Sodium organic compounds ; Santa Rosa Sound ; Annelida ; Environmental impacts ; Abundance ; Mollusca ; Arthropoda ; Florida ; Tables(Data) ; Experimental data ; Growth ; Plankton ; Dowicide ; Water pollution effects(Animals) ; Phenol/pentachloro-(sodium-salt) ; Toxic substances
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
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Status
NTIS  PB-290 037 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/23/1988
Collation 9p
Abstract
Aquaria containing clean sand received a continuous supply of flowing seawater from Santa Rosa Sound, Florida, mixed with known quantities of Dowicide G-ST(79% sodium pentachlorophenate) for thirteen weeks. The measured concentrations of pentachlorophenol (PCP) in the aquaria were 1.8, 15.8, and 161 micrograms/l. At the end of the experiment, macrofauna established in control and experimental aquaria was examined. Mollusks, arthropods and annelids were numerically dominant among the macrofauna. Although exposure to 1.8 micrograms PCP/l had no effect, the higher concentrations of PCP caused marked reduction in the numbers of individuals and species. Mollusks were the most sensitive taxonomic group to PCP. These results and previous studies on the effects of a nine-week exposure to PCP on the establishment of macrobenthic communities indicate that discharge of PCP into natural waters could alter the normal colonization by benthic animals and could impact various ecological relationships among localized populations.