Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 121 OF 385

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Imprint of the past : ecological history of Greenwich Bay, Rhode Island /
Author Pesch, Carol E., ; C. E. Pesch ; E. J. Shumchenia ; M. A. Charpentier ; M. C. Pelletier
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Schumchenia, Emily J.
Charpentier, Michael A.
Pelletier, Marguerite C.
CORP Author Rhode Island Univ., Narragansett. Graduate School of Oceanography.; National Health and Environmental Effects Research Lab., Narragansett, RI. Atlantic Ecology Div.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Atlantic Ecology Division,
Year Published 2012
Report Number EPA 600-R-12-050
Stock Number PB2013-103498
OCLC Number 825555263
Subjects Environmental management--Rhode Island--Greenwich Bay Watershed. ; Greenwich Bay (R.I.)--Environmental conditions. ; Greenwich Bay (R.I.)--History. ; Ecology. ; Atlantic Ocean--Greenwich Bay. ; Ecology--Rhode Island--Greenwich Bay--History. ; Greenwich Bay (R.I.)--Ecology--History. ; Ecology--History--Environmental aspects--Rhode Island--Greenwich Bay.
Additional Subjects Ecological history ; Historical ecology ; Environmental history ; Environmental effects ; Watershed ; Ecology ; Rhode Island(Greenwich Bay) ; Greenwich Bay(Rhode Island)
Internet Access
Description Access URL
http://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPDF.cgi?Dockey=P100FK0V.PDF
http://www2.epa.gov/sites/production/files/documents/imprintofthepast.pdf
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
EHBD  EPA 600/R-12/050 NHEERL/AED Library/Narragansett,RI 06/17/2013
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-R-12-050 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 02/04/2013
EJBD  EPA 600-R-12-050 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 02/05/2013
ELBD RPS EPA 600-R-12-050 repository copy AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 11/10/2015
ELBD  EPA 600-R-12-050 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 02/26/2013
NTIS  PB2013-103498 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 07/24/2013
Collation viii, 60 pages : illustrations, maps ; 28 cm
Abstract
Because environmental problems are often caused by an accumulation of impacts over several decades or even centuries, it is necessary to look at the environmental history of an area to understand what happened and why, before solutions can be devised. This case study of Greenwich Bay, a small sub-estuary of Narragansett Bay, describes the connection between the development in the watershed and the ecology of the bay. We divided the cultural history of the Greenwich Bay area into five time periods (Pre-Colonial, before 1650; Colonial, c. 1650 to c. 1750; Maritime, c. 1730 to c. 1820; Industrial, c. 1800 to c. 1945; and Suburbanization, c. 1945 to present) and described the ecological effects associated with each. During the first three periods, ecological eff ects occurred but were minimal. Major ecological effects occurred in the last 150 years. During the Industrial Period, the increase in people and industries resulted in bacterial pollution and shellfi sh bed closures, chemical pollution, and obstruction of anadromous fish runs by dams. Overfishing in all of Narragansett Bay reduced fish stocks. During the Suburbanization Period, the bay was aff ected by more bacterial pollution, increased nitrogen input, eutrophication, low oxygen, fish kills, and loss of eelgrass and scallops. This historical analysis of Greenwich Bay provides an opportunity to inform scientists, managers, and citizens about the consequences of development and gives environmental managers a foundation on which to make informed decisions for the future.
Notes
"September 2012." "EPA/600/R-12/050." Print format not distributed to depository libraries. Includes bibliographical references (pages 47-55).
Contents Notes
Introduction -- Pre-colonial period - before 1650 -- Colonial period - c. 1650 to c. 1750 -- Maritime period - c. 1730 to 1820 -- Industrial period - c. 1800 to c. 1945 -- Suburbanization period - c. 1945 ot present -- Summary -- References -- Appendix A. short how-to guide on historical reconstruction of environmental effects -- Appendix B. contaminants in the environment Because environmental problems are often caused by an accumulation of impacts over several decades or even centuries, it is necessary to look at the environmental history of an area to understnad what happened and why, before solutions can be devised. This case study of Greenwich Bay, a small sub-estuary of Narragansett Bay, describes the connections between the development in the watershed and the ecology of the bay. We divided the cultural hisotry of the Greenwich Bay area into five time periods (Pre-Colonial, before 1650; Colonial, c. 1650-175; Maritime, c. 1730 to c. 1820; Industrial, c. 1800 to c. 1945; and Suburbanization, c. 1945 to present) and described the ecological effects associated with each. During the first three periods, ecological effects occurred but were minimal. Major ecological effects occurred in the last 150 years. DUring the Industrial Period, the increase in people and industries resulted in bacterial pollution and shellfish bed closures, chemical pollution, and obstruction of anadromous fish runs by dams. Overfishing in all of Narragansett Bay reduced fish stocks. During the Suburbanization Period, the bay was affected by more bacterial pollution, increased nitrogen input, eutrophication, low oxygen, fish kills, and loss of eelgrass and scallops. This historical analysis of Greenwich Bay provides an opportunity to inform scientists, managers, and citizens about the consequences of development and gives environmental managers a foundation on which to make informed decisions for the future.