The report is intended to provide an overview of industry residuals that are normally considered a waste but may be extremely useful in the remediation of disturbed soils. In deciding which soil amendments to research, experts in the remediation field were consulted. After the amendments were chosen, a variety of technical documents, books, and Web pages were consulted. As a general rule, every attempt has been made to use peer-reviewed information and technical documents from authoritative sources. These include technical papers/reports, books, research articles and abstracts, U.S. EPA and other agency documents and commercial database searches.