Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 49 OF 61

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Respiratory health effects of passive smoking : lung cancer and other disorders.
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Health and Environmental Assessment. ;ICF, Inc., Fairfax, VA.
Publisher Office of Health and Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1992
Report Number EPA/600/6-90/006B; OHEA-C-361
Stock Number PB92-182344
Subjects Passive smoking--Physiological effect. ; Respiratory organs--Diseases--Research.
Additional Subjects Pulmonary neoplasms ; Smoking ; Respiratory diseases ; Carcinogens ; Adults ; Children ; Respiratory function tests ; Family ; Epidemiology ; Asthma ; Otitis media with effusion ; Health hazards ; Passive smoking ; Environmental tobacco smoke
Internet Access
Description Access URL
http://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPDF.cgi?Dockey=300010DC.PDF
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
NTIS  PB92-182344 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 01/01/1988
Collation 559 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
Abstract
The draft report addresses the weight of evidence on the potential associations between passive smoking or Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) and (1) lung cancer in nonsmoking adults, and (2) noncancer respiratory disorders, primarily in children. With respect to lung cancer, the draft report concludes that (1) ETS is causally associated with lung cancer in nonsmoking adults and is an EPA Group A (known human) carcinogen, and (2) approximately 3,000 lung cancer deaths per year among nonsmokers of both sexes in the United States are attributable to ETS. With respect to noncancer respiratory effects, the report concludes that ETS exposure to children from parental smoking is causally associated with (1) respiratory symptoms of irritation (cough, sputum, and wheeze); (2) middle ear effusion; (3) reduced lung function; (4) lower respiratory tract infections (LRIs), particularly in infants; and (5) additional episodes and increased severity of asthma in asthmatic children. The evidence also suggests that ETS exposure induces asthma in previously asymptomatic children. In addition, passive smoking causes some respiratory discomfort and reduced lung function in adults. The report estimates that ETS exposure contributes 150,000 to 300,000 LRIs annually in children under 18 months, resulting in 7,500 to 15,000 hospitalizations, and 8,000 to 26,000 new cases of asthma in previously asymptomatic children, as well as aggravating symptoms in approximately 20% of asthmatic children.
Notes
Includes bibliographical references (pages R-1-R-52). "EPA/600/6-90/006B." "May 1992." "Review draft - do not quote or cite." Microfiche.