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RECORD NUMBER: 18 OF 61

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Effects of Heavy Industrial Pollution on Respiratory Function in the Children of Cubatao, Brazil: A Preliminary Report.
Author Spektor, D. M. ; Hofmeister, V. A. ; Artaxo, P. ; Brague, J. A. P. ; Echelar, F. ;
CORP Author New York Univ. Medical Center, NY. Inst. of Environmental Medicine. ;Sao Paulo Univ. (Brazil).;Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC. Human Studies Div.;National Inst. of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC.
Publisher c1992
Year Published 1992
Report Number NIEHS-ES00260; EPA/600/J-92/279;
Stock Number PB92-217207
Additional Subjects Air pollution effects(Humans) ; Respiratory function tests ; Industry ; Exposure ; Children ; Air samplers ; Reprints ; Cubatao(Brazil)
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
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Status
NTIS  PB92-217207 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/01/1993
Collation 6p
Abstract
Cubatao is located on the coast of Brazil 44 km from Sao Paulo. Its geography and wind patterns limit dispersion of air pollutants which result from heavy industrial activity within the city. New York University and EPA in collaboration with the University of Sao Paulo are conducting a study to attempt to establish exposure-response relationships of the impact of specific industrial effluents on respiratory function in school age children. During the 1988 school year, March-June, Aug-Nov, 600 six year old children, attending six different kindergarten schools, underwent monthly spirometry tests. Because the children live within a 500 m radius of their school, pollution monitors were located on each of the six schools. Particles were collected using dichotomous stacked filter units placed on 20 m towers to reduce the influence of dust from unpaved roads. Three sites are in the densely populated downtown area, one is on a newly developed outskirt area, and the last two are residential areas, far from industries. The yearly average thoracic aerosol mass concentration (PM10) is very high on all sites, ranging from 59+39 micrometer/cu m to 240+122 micrometer/cu m, the number of days with mean PM10 > 100 micrometer/cu m range from 27% to 98%.