"The importance and value of research and development (R & D) is universally recognized. R & D has a profound impact on every aspect of our lives - affecting the air we breath, the food we eat, and the water we drink; the ailments we suffer; the way we communicate; and the manner in which we traverse our cities, our planet, and beyond. This national investment in our future also has a major effect on the economy, because entire industries - transportation, pharmaceuticals, computers, telecommunications - are rooted in R & D and its continuing output." "The local and regional impacts of federal R & D activities are equally important and of direct consequence to all Americans. Little wonder that states and localities compete with each other to attract federal R & D support to their jurisdictions." "This report, based largely on the RaDiUS database developed by RAND, allows policymakers and the public for the first time to break down the complex federal R & D portfolio into its component state and local elements. It details the full range of federal R & D activities in terms of the individual laboratories, centers, universities, and companies performing the research, doing the studies, and conducting the analyses. It reveals that virtually every community in the nation has a direct stake in the federal R & D enterprise."--Jacket.