Part I: Biomass Production and Use -- 1. Keynote Introduction: Traditional and Improved Use of Biomass for Energy in Africa -- 2. Biomass Potential in Arid and Semi-arid Regions in Botswana -- 3. Jatropha - A Promising Crop for Africa's Biofuel Production?- 4. Small-scale Production of Jatropha in Zambia and Its implications for Rural Development and National Biofuel Policies -- 5. Economic Evaluation of Sweet Sorghum in Biofuel Production as a Multi-purpose Crop: The Case of Zambia -- Part II: Biomass Technologies and Markets -- 6. Keynote Introduction: Biomass Technologies and Markets in Africa -- 7. Sustainable Charcoal and Firewood Production and Use in Africa -- 8. Bioethanol Potential and Production in Africa: Sweet Sorghum as a Complementary Feedstock -- 9. Biodiesel Production in Africa -- 10. Biogas Production in Africa -- 11. New Conversion Technologies For Liquid biofuels Production in Africa -- 12. Modern use of solid biomass in Africa: Prospects for Utilisation of Agro-waste Resources in Nigeria -- 13. International Trade of Biofuels: Current Trends and the Potential Role of Africa -- Part III: Biomass Policies -- 14. Keynote Introduction: Overview on Bioenergy Policies in Africa -- 15. Biofuel Policies in Tanzania -- 16. Biofuel Policy in South Africa: A Critical Analysis -- 17. Promoting Biofuels in West Africa: An Engine For Development -- 18. Strategies For a Sustainable Pan-African Biofuels Policy -- Part IV: Sustainability of Biomass Production and Use -- 19. Keynote Introduction: Sustainability Considerations for Biofuels Production in Africa -- 20. Environmental Impacts of Biofuel Production in Africa -- 21. Potential Impacts of Biofuel Development on Biodiversity in Chobe District, Botswana -- 22. Water Implications of Biofuel Development in Semi-arid Sub-Saharan Africa: Case Studies of Four Countries -- 23. Implications of Climate Change on Sustainable Biofuel Production in Africa -- 24. Bioenergy and Sustainable Adaptation to Climate Change in Africa -- Part V: Financing and Socio-economic Issues -- 25. Keynote Introduction: Socio-economic Impacts of Different Scales of Biofuel Production in Africa -- 26. Social Impacts of Biofuel Production in Africa -- 27. Small-scale Bioenergy Initiatives: Lessons from Case Studies in Asia, Latin America and Africa -- 28. Gender Issues of Biomass Production and Use in Africa -- 29. Financing of Biofuel Projects in Africa -- 30. Economics of Modern and Traditional Bioenergy in African Households: Consumer Choices for Cook Stoves -- Part VI: Summary and Conclusion -- 31. Opportunities and Risks of Bioenergy in Africa -- Index. This contribution to the current global discussion about the sustainability of bioenergy addresses the fact that this debate often ignores the needs and opinions of developing countries. The book specifically addresses bioenergy development opportunities and associated risks for Africa. The contributions to the work relate the experiences of selected authors from Africa, Europe and other continents and include material from researchers, investors, policy makers and other stakeholders, such as representatives of NGOs. Readers will, then, find a multitude of perspectives on the issue, going well beyond the academic field. The work builds on the results of the COMPETE Bioenergy Competence Platform for Africa, which was supported by the European Commission and coordinated by WIP Renewable Energies, Germany. The five sections cover biomass production and use, biomass technologies and markets in Africa, biomass policies, sustainability, and financial and socio-economic issues. This valuable work is, in effect, a single-source treatment of a key energy sector in a part of the world which still has a lot of unrealised potential for development.