||Effectiveness and safety of strategies for oil spill bioremediation : potential and limitation, laboratory to field /
Lepo, J. E. ;
Cripe, C. R.
||University of West Florida, Pensacola. Center for Environmental Diagnostics and Bioremediation.;National Health and Environmental Effects Research Lab., Gulf Breeze, LA. Gulf Ecology Div.
|| U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research and Development, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory,
Oil spills--Environmental aspects--United States. ;
Oil spills ;
Oil pollution removal ;
Water pollution control ;
Chemical analysis ;
Field tests ;
Laboratory tests ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||6 pages ; 28 cm.
Several additional research efforts were identified during the development of test systems and protocols for assessing the effectiveness and environmental safety of oil spill commercial bioremediaton agents (CBAs). Research that examined CBA efficacy issues included: (1) development of oil-degrading microbial assemblages for use as positive controls or indigenous microbial flora, (2) assessment of the effect of oil quantity on extent of oil biodegradation, (3) investigation of an apparent anomaly in relative susceptibility of classes of hydrocarbons to biodegradation, and (4) evaluation of the effect of emulsification on oil biodegradation. Environmental safety research explored the use of toxicological endpoints as an alternative to analytical chemical endpoints in addition to techniques for investigating the toxicity of water-soluble fractions of oil. Molecular microbiological tools were developed to study the microbial ecology of oil spill habitats, to detect potential indicators of oil/CBA effects on key ecological processes, such as nitrogen fixation in the rhizosphere, as well as to enumerate indigenous microorganisms important for bioremediation efficacy (i.e., hydrocaron-degrading bacteria). Finally, field studies allowed assessment of oil biodegradation efficacy in a more realistic context without the constraints of laboratory test systems.
Caption title. Shipping list no.: 98-0220-P. "March 1998." Includes bibliographical references (pages 5-6). "EPA/600-S-97-008."