Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Evaporative process for treatment of phosphate containing effluent /
Author Reininga, D. G.
CORP Author Aluminum Co. of America, Alcoa Center, Pa. Alcoa Labs.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab.-Cincinnati, Ohio.
Publisher Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory ; For sale by the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1978
Report Number EPA-600/2-78-119; EPA-S-803261
Stock Number PB-284 097
OCLC Number 04146531
ISBN pbk.
Subjects Evaporation. ; Phosphates.
Additional Subjects Water pollution control ; Inorganic phosphates ; Evaporation ; Industrial waste treatment ; Water conservation ; Process charting ; Design criteria ; Performance evaluation ; Recirculation ; Field tests ; Economic analysis ; Tables(Data) ; Concentration(Composition) ; Waste water reuse
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EHAM  TD751.R44 Region 1 Library/Boston,MA 04/29/2016
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-78-119 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 09/12/2011
EJBD  EPA 600-2-78-119 c.1 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/26/2014
EKAM  EPA-600/2-78-119 Region 4 Library/Atlanta,GA 10/08/1999
ELBD  EPA 600-2-78-119 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 04/16/2018
ESAD  EPA 600-2-78-119 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-284 097 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/23/1988
Collation vi, 60 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
A unique evaporation/humidification process for treating wastewater effluent has been developed at Alcoa Laboratories. A major portion of the effluent is recovered as water of high purity suitable for recycle or reuse, and the small volume of concentrated chemicals can be either recycled or easily disposed of. The process operates at low temperatures and near-atmospheric pressures. Low pressure steam generated from waste heat is sufficient to operate it. A 75,000 L/day pilot plant was installed at Alcoa's Warrick County, Indiana, plant to demonstrate the performance and reliability of the process for treatment of dilute, phosphate-containing effluent. The installation was placed in service in January 1975, and operated on a non-continuous basis until October 1975. During this time various problems were solved and optimum operating conditions were established. The average effluent treatment rate was 71,200 L/day and excellent quality water was obtained. The system operated satisfactorily when effluent and steam were available. Tests at Alcoa Laboratories showed that the product condensate can be used as rinse water at the phosphate cleaning lines in place of deionized water, and the concentrated phosphate blowdown can be recycled as make-up to the phosphate cleaning solution.
Grant no. S-803261. Issued June 1978. Includes bibliographical references (page 27).