Introduction: The Emergence of Nanoparticles as Imaging Platform in Biomedicine -- Introduction: The Emergence of Nanoparticles as Imaging Platform in Biomedicine -- (Para)magnetic Nanoparticles: Applications in Magnetic Resonance Imaging -- MR Lymphangiography Using Nano-Sized Paramagnetic Contrast Agents with Dendrimer Cores -- Use of USPIOs for Clinical Lymph Node Imaging -- Use of SPIOs for Clinical Liver Imaging -- The Emerging Role of USPIOs for MR Imaging of Atherosclerosis -- (Super)paramagnetic Nanoparticles: Applications in Noninvasive MR Imaging of Stem Cell Transfer -- Micron-Sized Iron Oxide Particles (MPIOs) for Cellular Imaging: More Bang for the Buck -- Molecular MR Imaging with Paramagnetic Perfluorocarbon Nanoparticles -- Magnetic Nanosensors for Probing Molecular Interactions -- Magnetoptical Probes -- Radiolabeled Nanoparticles: Applications in Nuclear Medicine -- Use of Radiolabeled Liposomes for Tumor Imaging -- Use of Radiolabeled Liposomes for Imaging of Infection and Inflammation -- Sulphur Colloid for Imaging Lymph Nodes and Bone Marrow -- Acoustically Reflective Nanoparticles: Application in Ultrasound Imaging -- Use of Ultrasound Bubbles in Lymph Node Imaging -- Use of Ultrasound Microbubbles for Vascular Imaging -- Targeted Microbubbles: Ultrasound Contrast Agents for Molecular Imaging -- Use of Acoustically Active Contrast Agents in Imaging of Inflammation and Atherosclerosis -- Iodinated Nanoparticles: Applications in Computed Tomography -- Iodinated Liposomes as Contrast Agents -- Quantum Dots: Applications in Optical Imaging -- Quantum Dots and Targeted Nanoparticle Probes for In Vivo Tumor Imaging -- Investigating the Dynamics of Cellular Processes at the Single Molecule Level with Semiconductor Quantum Dots -- Targeting Vascular Epitopes Using Quantum Dots -- Quantum Dots for Cancer Imaging -- Bimodal Liposomes and Paramagnetic QD-Micelles for Multimodality Molecular Imaging of Tumor Angiogenesis. About the Series: Fundamental Biomedical Technologies features titles in multidisciplinary, technology-driven areas, providing the foundations for breakthrough advances in medicine and biology. The term technology refers, in a vigorously unrestrictive sense, to a broad array of engineering disciplines, the sciences of computation and informatics, mathematical models exploiting and advancing methods of mathematical physics, and the development of novel, experimental discovery devices. Titles in this series are designed and selected to provide high-level visionary input for specialists, while presenting overviews of emerging fields for those in related areas. Volumes in this series aim to provide technologists with the material to gain competent entry into biomedical research and biomedical researchers to understand and embrace novel technological foundations and tools. About the Series Editor: Mauro Ferrari is a professor in the Brown Institute of Molecular Medicine, a professor of internal medicine in the division of cardiology, and the chairman of the department of biomedical engineering at the University of Texas Health Science Center in Houston, Texas. He holds concurrent professor appointments at the M.D. Anderson Cancer Center as professor of experimental therapeutics, and at Rice University in bioengineering. Dr. Ferrari is the current President of the Alliance for NanoHealth and he has spearheaded the development of the National Cancer Institute's nanotechnology programs. Dr. Ferrari is also the founder and Editor-in-Chief of Springer's archival journal Biomedical Microdevices. Nanoparticles in Biomedical Imaging Jeff W.M. Bulte and Michel M.J.J. Modo, Editors Nanoparticles in Biomedical Imaging focuses on the use of nanoparticles as chemically engineered small entities that now have emerged as widely used diagnostic agents in biomedicine. The book is logically organized by the specific imaging modalities that are currently central in pre-clinical research and clinical routine, including magnetic resonance imaging, radionuclear imaging, ultrasound imaging, computed tomography, and optical imaging. This comprehensive title provides an expert opinion on the latest developments in biomedical imaging using nanoparticles. Key topics: Use of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles in magnetic resonance imaging Radiolabeled liposomes and their applications in nuclear medicine Ultrasound bubbles as acoustically reflective medium Exploiting iodinated nanoparticles with computed tomography Quantum dots: the bright future of semiconducting optical agents Nanoparticles in Biomedical Imaging will serve as a useful and valuable resource on the fundamental science of diagnostic nanoparticles in their interactions with biological targets, providing a platform technology for clinical implementation and improved detection of disease. About the Editors: Jeff W.M. Bulte is currently a Professor of Radiology and a Professor of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, USA. He serves as the Director of Cellular Imaging in the JHU Institute for Cell Engineering. Michel M.J.J. Modo is the Wolfson Lecturer in Stem Cell Imaging at the Centre for the Cellular Basis of Behaviour and the MRC Centre for Neurodegeneration Research at the Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London.