||Conversion of cattle manure into useful products /
Dunn, Bruce S. ;
Mackenzie, John D. ;
||California Univ., Los Angeles. School of Engineering and Applied Science.;Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Lab., Ada, Okla.
|| Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Animal waste. ;
Solid waste disposal ;
Agricultural wastes ;
Carbon black ;
Cost analysis ;
Process charting ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||viii, 34 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
The purpose of the project was to design and build a pyrolysis apparatus for cattle manure and to investigate the potential uses of the pyrolysis by-products. A pyrolysis machine of semi-continuous feed capabilities was designed and built. Various conditions of pyrolysis treatments were investigated and their influence on the amount and composition of the by-products determined. High carbon residues were found to require lower pyrolysis temperatures. The carbon content of these residues appeared to be unaffected by the geographic location of the original manure. Contact with interested parties and appropriate industries who could be prospective users of each of the products was initiated to obtain their technical expertise in evaluating these products. The pyrolysis by-products seem to have some potential industrial applications. These by-products include the solid residue, an oil fraction, and an aqueous fraction. The solid residue may serve as a carbon black substitute or as a filler material in rubber, ink, and paint. The aqueous fraction collected during pyrolysis has been evaluated for fertilizer applications.
"Project no. R802933-01." Includes bibliographical references (page 32). Microfiche.