Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog
RECORD NUMBER: 45 OF 179
|OLS Field Name||OLS Field Data|
|Main Title||Economic Analysis for the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Source Category: Pulp and Paper Production; Effluent Limitations Guidelines, Pretreatment Standards, and New Source Performance Standards: Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Category-Phase 1.|
|CORP Author||Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards.|
|Publisher||27 Oct 1997|
|Additional Subjects||Effluents ; Economic analysis ; Air pollution ; Water pollution ; Economic impacts ; Costs ; Discharge(Water) ; Standards ; Cost effectiveness ; Pollution control ; Benefits ; Limiting factors ; Environmental effects ; Pulp ; Paper ; Paper board ; Paper industry ; Pulp mills ; Methodologies ; Hazards ; Performance standards ; Risk factors ; Risk assessment ; US Environmental Protection Agency(EPA) ; Economic analysis(EA) ; Federal Water Pollution Control Act ; Clean Water Act(CWA) ; Cluster or Integrated Rules ; Human health benefits|
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) promulgates water effluent discharge limits (effluent limitations guidelines and standards or 'effluent guidelines') and air emissions standards for industrial sectors. This Economic Analysis (EA) evaluates the costs and economic impacts of technologies that form the bases for setting these limits and standards for the pulp, paper, and paperboard industry. The report also examines and estimates the qualitative, quantitative, and monetized benefits from reduced pollution, and compares the benefits and costs of the promulgated rules. The report also describes the relative cost-effectiveness of the pollution control technologies and evaluates the costs and impacts of the regulations that significantly impact a substantial number of small businesses. Because EPA considered the air and water requirements jointly, they are known as the 'Cluster or Integrated Rules.'