Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 18 OF 46

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Industrial Chemicals Solid Waste Generation. The Significance of Process Change, Resource Recovery, and Improved Disposal.
Author Saxton, James C. ; Kramer., Marc ;
CORP Author IR and T, Arlington, Va.
Year Published 1974
Report Number IRT-325-R; EPA-68-03-0138;
Stock Number PB-233 464
Additional Subjects Solid waste disposal ; Industrial waste disposal ; Hazardous materials ; Chemical industry ; Water pollution ; Process variables ; Cost estimates ; Materials recovery ; Alkalies ; Chlorine ; Dyes ; Pigments ; Phosphates ; Sludge ; Organic chemistry ; Inorganic chemistry ; Tables(Data) ; Incinerators ; Lagoons(Ponds) ; Waste recycling ; Water pollution control ; Ocean waste disposal ; Sanitary landfills
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
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Status
NTIS  PB-233 464 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/23/1988
Collation 155p
Abstract
The study characterizes the process-related solid wastes produced during manufacture of industrial chemicals, SIC Group 281. Thirty three chemicals were selected that: possess significant resource value, pose a difficult solid waste disposal problem, and/or have markedly deleterious properties, e.g., toxicity. The selected chemicals composed 40% of 1971 group output and an estimated 95% of the group's solid waste. Fifteen of the chemicals are undergoing process substitutions; in every case the newer process generates less solid waste. Most of wastes are of intrinsically low value, so resource recovery is seldom economic. Inorganics account for over 90% of total disposal cost, due to large waste volume from ore-related processes, such as alumina and phosphoric acid. Organics appear to pose little disposal problem. Elimination of water discharge doubles the disposal cost of the 33 chemicals.