New directions for pesticide use / H. Lehman -- The impact of pesticides on the environment / Clive A. Edwards -- Assessment of environmental and economic impacts of pesticide use / David Pimentel ... [et al.] -- The relationship between 'cosmetic standards' for foods and pesticide use / David Pimentel ... [et al.] -- Risk of pesticide-related health effects : an epidemiologic approach / Stanley Schuman -- Pesticides and natural toxicants in foods / Thomas W. Culliney, David Pimentel, and Marcia H. Pimentel -- Socioeconomic impacts and social implications of reducing pesticide and agricultural chemical use in the United States / Frederick H. Buttel -- Swedish pesticide policy in a changing environment / Olle Pettersson -- Reducing pesticide use by 50% in the Province of Ontario : challenges and progress / G.A. Surgeoner and W. Roberts. Environmental and economic impacts of reducing U.S. agricultural pesticide use / David Pimental ... [et al.] -- Government policies that encourage pesticide use in the United States / Kenneth A. Dahlberg -- Pesticide use trends and issues in the United States / Craig Osteen -- Alar : the EPA's mismanagement of an agricultural chemical / J.S. Hathaway -- Values, ethics, and the use of synthetic pesticides in agriculture / Hugh Lehman -- Growing public concern over pesticides in food and water / Carolyn E. Sachs -- Pesticides : historical changes demand ethical choices / J. Perkins and N. Holochuck -- Seeking a balanced perspective / Nicholas L. Reding -- An increasing public concern / Robert L. Metcalf. Pesticides have contributed impressively to our present-day agricultural productivity, but at the same time they are at the center of serious concerns about safety, health and the environment. Increasingly the public wonders whether the benefits of pesticides - "the perfect red apple" - outweigh the costs of environmental pollution, human illness, and the destruction of animals and our habitat. Scientists and government officials are suspected of promoting commercial interests rather than protecting human welfare. This volume is the result of more than a year's study by leading scientists and policy experts who address the environmental, economic, ethical and health issues related to pesticides. In examining the social policies related to pesticides use, they consider the risks as well as the benefits. They show that to regain public trust,those who regulate and use pesticides must examine fair ethical questions and take appropriate action to protect public welfare, health, and the environment. Anyone concerned with reducing our reliance on chemical pesticides and how human activities can remain both productive and environmentally sound will find this volume a stimulating contribution to a troubling debate.