||Comparison of Drinking Water Mutagenicity with Leaching of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons from Water Distribution Pipes.
Basu, D. K. ;
Saxena, J. ;
Stoss, F. W. ;
Santodonato, J. ;
Neal, M. W. ;
||Syracuse Research Corp., NY. Life and Environmental Sciences Div. ;Center for Environmental Information, Rochester, NY.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Drinking Water.
Aromatic polycyclic hydrocarbons ;
Potable water ;
Water pipelines ;
Salmonella typhimurium ;
Water pollution effects(Humans) ;
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The primary objectives of the study were to examine the changes in concentration of six polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and the possibility of changes in mutagenic potential of treated waters as a result of their passage through commonly used distribution pipes. With the exception of the finished water taken at one treatment plant in which the total concentration of the six PAH was 138.5 parts per trillion (ppt), the total initial concentration in all other treated water ranged from 0 to 13.4 ppt. The corresponding total PAH concentration in water after passage through the distribution pipes varied from 0 to 61.6 ppt. This demonstrated that PAH concentration in water can increase as a result of their passage through coated distribution pipes. Mutagenic activity was also detected in many of the treated water samples, however, the levels of this activity did not correlate with either the transit of water through the distribution system or the levels of PAH in the water. There was some evidence to indicate that the water treatment process itself may have contributed to the mutagenicity observed in the finished water.