||Effect, Uptake and Disposition of Nitrobenzene in Several Terrestrial Plants.
McFarlane, C. ;
Pfleeger, T. ;
Fletcher, J. ;
||Corvallis Environmental Research Lab., OR. ;Oklahoma Univ., Norman. Dept. of Botany and Microbiology.
Water pollution effects(Plants) ;
Water intake ;
Dose-response relationships ;
Plant metabolism ;
Species specificity ;
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Eight species of plants were exposed to nitrobenzene in a hydroponic solution. Four species experienced no depression of either transpiration or photosynthetic rates, while one was rapidly killed and the other three were temporarily affected but recovered from the treatment. Uptake of nitrobenzene was passive and was shown to be proportional to the rate of water flux in each species. The transpiration stream concentration factor (TSCF) was 0.72. The root concentration factor (RCF) was variable between the species and was higher than expected, presumably due to deposits of insoluble metabolic products. All of the species examined displayed a capacity to chemically alter nonpolar nitrobenzene into both polar and insoluble products. Volatilization of nitrobenzene from the leaves was a major route of chemical loss.