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RECORD NUMBER: 45 OF 83

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Nutrient Removal from Enriched Waste Effluent by the Hydroponic Culture of Cool Season Grasses.
Author Law, J, James P. ;
CORP Author Robert S. Kerr Water Research Center, Ada, Okla.
Year Published 1969
Report Number FWQA-16080; 02277,; 16080-10/69
Stock Number PB-196 112
Additional Subjects ( Waste water ; Nutrients) ; ( Grasses ; Hydroponics) ; ( Nutrients ; Removal) ; Statistical analysis ; Rye plants ; Turf grasses ; Nitrogen organic compounds ; Phosphorous ; Oxygen ; Sewage ;
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
NTIS  PB-196 112 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/23/1988
Collation 45p
Abstract
Grasses were grown in hydroponic culture tanks to evaluate their nutrient removal capabilities when supplied with secondary-treated sewage effluent as the sole source of plant nutrients. Statistical methods were employed to determine the effects of the grasses, flow rates, and seasons on nutrient removal. Two control tanks with gravel bed and no grass were maintained throughout the study, two were planted with tall (Ky 31) fescue, and two were planted with perennial ryegrass. Two flow rates were maintained in each pair of tanks, approximately one-day and two-day detention times. All six tanks were effective in reducing the oxygen-demanding organic content of the effluent. Total nitrogen content was reduced appreciably by the control tanks, but the grass tanks were significantly better at nitrogen removal. Total phosphorus concentrations were reduced only slightly by passage through the tanks. The fast flow rate tanks produced the greater grass yields, while the slow flow rate tanks were more effective in nutrient removal from the sewage effluent. From grass yield and analyses data, the amount of plant nutrient material removed by the grasses was small compared to the total quantity supplied. (Author)