||Impact of motor gasoline lead additive regulations on petroleum refineries and energy resources : 1974-1980, phase I /
||Arthur D. Little, Inc.
|| Arthur D. Little ; National Technical Information Service,
Gasoline--Anti-knock and anti-knock mixtures. ;
Gasoline supply--United States. ;
Petroleum refineries--United States. ;
Gasoline--Law and legislation--United States.
Antiknock additives ;
Government policies ;
Automotive fuels ;
Air pollution ;
Economic impact ;
Tetraethyl lead ;
Petrochemical industry ;
Air pollution abatement ;
Lead free gasoline
||Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC
||Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA
||Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||129 p. in various pagings ; 28 cm.
The report presents results of a study to assess the impact on operations of petroleum refineries and on energy resources of two regulations promulgated by the Environmental Protection Agency to control the level of lead additive in motor gasoline. The first of these regulations requires the availability of low-octane, lead-free gasoline for vehicles which will be equipped with lead sensitive catalytic converters designed to meet 1975 automotive emission standards. For health reasons, the second regulation requires a gradual phase-down of the lead content of the total gasoline pool (including higher octane gasoline to satisfy the remaining high-compression ratio engines). The study considers separately the impact of each regulation. Effects on overall refinery yields, refinery operation flexibility to maximize production of gasoline and/or heating oils, and on energy resources requirements have been considered. Other parametric studies evaluate suppositions of a need for a higher octane lead free gasoline and a higher demand for lead free gasoline than now forecast.
PB 234 185. Prepared for Environmental Protection Agency Office of Air and Water Programs, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards. Photocopy.