Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Impact of motor gasoline lead additive regulations on petroleum refineries and energy resources : 1974-1980, phase I /
CORP Author Arthur D. Little, Inc.
Publisher Arthur D. Little ; National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1974
Report Number EPA-450/3-74-032-a; EPA-68-02-1332
Stock Number PB-234 185
OCLC Number 02221450
Subjects Gasoline--Anti-knock and anti-knock mixtures. ; Gasoline supply--United States. ; Petroleum refineries--United States. ; Gasoline--Law and legislation--United States.
Additional Subjects Antiknock additives ; Lead(Metal) ; Government policies ; Automotive fuels ; Regulations ; Refineries ; Air pollution ; Gasoline ; Economic impact ; Tetraethyl lead ; Petrochemical industry ; Air pollution abatement ; Lead free gasoline
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 450-3-74-032a Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 07/15/2014
EKBD  EPA-450/3-74-032a Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 08/27/1999
ERAD  EPA 450/3-74-032a Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 01/28/2013
ESAD  EPA 450-3-74-032A Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-234 185 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/23/1988
Collation 129 p. in various pagings ; 28 cm.
The report presents results of a study to assess the impact on operations of petroleum refineries and on energy resources of two regulations promulgated by the Environmental Protection Agency to control the level of lead additive in motor gasoline. The first of these regulations requires the availability of low-octane, lead-free gasoline for vehicles which will be equipped with lead sensitive catalytic converters designed to meet 1975 automotive emission standards. For health reasons, the second regulation requires a gradual phase-down of the lead content of the total gasoline pool (including higher octane gasoline to satisfy the remaining high-compression ratio engines). The study considers separately the impact of each regulation. Effects on overall refinery yields, refinery operation flexibility to maximize production of gasoline and/or heating oils, and on energy resources requirements have been considered. Other parametric studies evaluate suppositions of a need for a higher octane lead free gasoline and a higher demand for lead free gasoline than now forecast.
PB 234 185. Prepared for Environmental Protection Agency Office of Air and Water Programs, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards. Photocopy.