Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Treatment and recovery of fluoride and nitrate industrial wastes, phase II /
Author Staebler, Christian J.
CORP Author Grumman Aerospace Corp., Bethpage, N.Y.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab.-Cincinnati, Ohio.
Publisher Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory ; For sale by the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1978
Report Number EPA 600/2-78-048; EPA-S-800680; {EPA/600/2-78/048
Stock Number PB-281 159
OCLC Number 03922543
ISBN pbk.
Subjects Factory and trade waste. ; Fluorides. ; Nitrates.
Additional Subjects Water pollution control ; Metal finishing ; Fluorides ; Nitrates ; Ion exchange resins ; Calcium oxides ; Calcium fluorides ; Design criteria ; Performance evaluation ; Centrifugation ; Sludges ; Fertilizers ; Solid waste disposal ; Pilot plants ; Laboratory equipment ;
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-78-048 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/17/2014
EJBD  EPA 600-2-78-048 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 07/21/2014
ELBD RPS EPA 600-2-78-048 repository copy AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 03/07/2016
ESAD  EPA 600-2-78-048 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-281 159 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/23/1988
Collation xi, 71 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
Laboratory and pilot-scale techniques to treat selected metal-finishing solutions and rinse waters containing fluorides and nitrates were developed and successfully demonstrated. Lime-treatment parameters were optimized for various fluoride and nitrate influent levels. Ion-exchange techniques reduced the fluoride and nitrate concentrations of rinse waters to three and ten parts per million, respectively. Pilot-scale centrifugal techniques to separate precipitated calcium fluoride and metal hydroxide sludges were developed. The nitrate concentration of centrifuged effluents was reduced from 28,000 to less than five parts per million by passing the effluents through a thin-film, mechanically aided evaporator. Fluoride concentration was reduced from 117,000 to less than one part per million. The potential feasibility of using calcium fluoride sludge as a strength-maintaining additive for concrete was shown. Greenhouse tests indicated that concentrated calcium nitrate recovered from mechanically aided evaporation is a beneficial and practical plant fertilizer. Economic and production scale-up plans for process solution and rinse water treatment are also presented.
Project S800680. Issued Mar. 1978. Includes bibliographical references (page 59).