Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog
RECORD NUMBER: 62 OF 86
|OLS Field Name||OLS Field Data|
|Main Title||Risk of infectious disease from use of sludge on land and methods to reduce these risks|
|Author||Farrell, J. B.|
|CORP Author||Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Water Engineering Research Lab.|
|Publisher||Water Engineering Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,|
|Subjects||Sewage sludge as fertilizer ; Sewage sludge--Analysis ; Pathogenic microorganisms|
|Additional Subjects||Sludge disposal ; Toxicology ; Risk ; Feasibility studies ; Assessments ; Methodology ; Exposure ; Health risks ; Toxic substances|
Virtually all of the infectious organisms in wastewater end up in the sludge removed in the course of wastewater treatment. The health risks to humans when sludges are applied to land depend on the densities of these organisms, reductions that occur when the sludge is processed, the hardiness of the organisms on or in the land surfaces, and the available pathways to man. The presentation discusses each of these issues for pathogenic bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and helminths. The combination of sludge processing requirements and other controls, such as control of access and type of crops growing, used by the U.S. EPA in their regulations governing sludge use on land are presented and discussed.
"February 1986". "EPA/600/D-86/038". Photocopy.