On May 9, 2005, Administrator Stephen L. Johnson asked the EPA Innovation Action Council (IAC), a group of the most senior career officials from each headquarters and regional office, to undertake a special project on environmental stewardship. The charge to the Council was to do three things: 1. Explore and better define EPA's vision of environmental stewardship and the role of stewardship in the future of environmental protection; 2. Assess EPA's current environmental stewardship activities to determine effectiveness and opportunities for improvement; and 3. Recommend options and priorities for how EPA, in partnership with states and tribes, can encourage stewardship that addresses environmental priorities and achieves results. The first chapter in this technical report addresses the first part of the charge, to explore and better define EPA's vision and role in environmental stewardship. Chapter 2 contains the assessment requested in the second part of the charge and the results of the interviews conducted with state officials, experts and other stakeholders. Chapters 3 and 4 respond to the third part of the charge, concerning options and priorities for EPA.