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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Color removal from kraft mill effluents by ultrafiltration /
Author Fremont, Henry A. ; Striley, David J. ; Kleper, Myles H. ; Goldsmith, Robert L.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Fremont, Henry A.
CORP Author Champion International Corp., Hamilton, OH.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab.-Cincinnati, OH.
Publisher Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ; Available to the public from the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1980
Report Number EPA-600/2-80-045; EPA-S-804312-01
Stock Number PB80-166077
OCLC Number 06390809
Subjects Paper mills--Waste disposal. ; Ultrafiltration. ; Sewage--Purification--Color removal.
Additional Subjects Water pollution control ; Sulfate pulping ; Membranes ; Colors ; Pilot plants ; Industrial waste treatment ; Paper industry ; Design criteria ; Cost analysis ; Capitalized costs ; Ultrafiltration
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EHAM  GC1085.C64 1980y Region 1 Library/Boston,MA 04/29/2016
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-80-045 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 01/22/2014
EJBD  EPA 600-2-80-045 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 04/01/2016
EKAM  EPA 600/2-80-045 Region 4 Library/Atlanta,GA 09/12/1998
EKBD  EPA-600/2-80-045 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 05/10/2010
ESAD  EPA 600-2-80-045 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB80-166077 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 01/01/1988
Collation xv, 231 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
Color removal from kraft mill effluents by ultrafiltration (UF) has been examined during this program. A 3-stage, nominal 37.9 cu m (10,000 gpd) UF pilot plant was operated on caustic extraction filtrate for several months. Extensive evaluation of spiral-wound UF modules was carried out prior to staged system operation in single module tests. During these tests feed pretreatment and prefiltration options were investigated and the effects of a range of operating parameters on module flux performance were studied. A second module configuration, tubular assemblies, was also tested. All field tests were performed at the Canton, North Carolina Mill of Champion International. Non-cellulosic UF membranes were evaluated in laboratory tests before field trials were initiated. The preferred membrane was cast from a polysulfone formulation. Spiral modules were severely fouled by species present in white water recycle. Tubular modules, however, exhibited stable, economically-vialble flux performance. Color removal by the tubular UF membranes ranged from 97% to 99% when calculated on a concentrate basis. Projections based on process data indicate UF results in an overall color reduction of 91% (mass basis) for caustic extraction filtrate. Conceptual designs and economic analyses were developed for treatment systems with capacities of 3,790 cu m/day (1 MM gpd) and 7,980 cu m/day (2 MM gpd). Additionally, caustic extraction filtrate and decker effluent stream characteristics were monitored and qualitative assessments of ultrafiltrate and UF concentrate recycle within a kraft mill were made.
"Champion International." "February 1980." Includes bibliographical references. "Grant no. S804312-01."