Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Fuel Savings in Sewage Sludge Incineration.
Author Wall, H. ; Waltz, E. ; Verdouw, A. ;
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Water Engineering Research Lab. ;Indianapolis Center for Advanced Research, IN.
Year Published 1984
Report Number EPA/600/J-84/232;
Stock Number PB85-166171
Additional Subjects Fuel consumption ; Solid waste disposal ; Sludge disposal ; Incinerators ; Air pollution control ; Cost analysis ; Maintenance ; Operating costs ; Instrumentation ; Reprints ; Energy conservation ; Sewage sludge
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB85-166171 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/21/1988
Collation 23p
As a result of a demonstration project partly sponsored by the United States Environmental Protection Agency in cooperation with the Indianapolis Center for Advanced Research, the City of Indianapolis, Indiana, realized a 34% fuel savings for sewage sludge incineration. At the same time, sludge throughput was increased 10%. In addition to these proven savings, operational downtime for repairs was reduced, maintenance costs were reduced, and air pollution was reduced. The air pollution reduction allowed Indianapolis to cancel a $3,000,000 construction program for air pollution abatement. These savings result from installing additional instrumentation and controls (often not required at newer facilities), modifying the incinerator operating methods, and training the operators to operate the facilities more efficiently. At Indianapolis, it cost $20,000 per incinerator for instrumentation and operator training. This was an older plant and required a maximum amount of new controls and instrumentation; however, the payback for this $20,000 was less than three months due to the reduction in fuel use based on an oil price of $.264 per liter ($1.00 per gallon). In the other cities where instrumentation controls were adequate, the cost for developing the now operating mode and training the operators averaged $75,000 per city.