Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 304 OF 814

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Economics of ground freezing for management of uncontrolled hazardous waste sites
Author Sullivan, John M. ; Lynch, D. R. ; Iskandar, I. K.
CORP Author Thayer School of Engineering, Hanover, NH. ;Cold Regions Research and Engineering Lab., Hanover, NH.;Municipal Environmental Research Lab.-Cincinnati, OH.
Publisher Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1984
Report Number EPA-600/D-84-270
Stock Number PB85-121127
OCLC Number 18174001
Subjects Hazardous waste treatment facilities--Costs
Additional Subjects Cost analysis ; Hazardous materials ; Waste disposal ; Containment ; Underground storage ; Freezing ; Drilling ; Piping systems ; Refrigerators ; Operating costs ; Maintenance ; Expenses ; Comparison ; Barriers ; Construction
Internet Access
Description Access URL
https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPDF.cgi?Dockey=P100P6VZ.PDF
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
EJAD  EPA 600/D-84-270 HWTIC Region 3 Library/Philadelphia, PA 03/20/1992
NTIS  PB85-121127 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 01/01/1988
Collation v, 31 p. ; 28 cm.
Abstract
Ground freezing for hazardous waste containment is an alternative to the traditional and expensive slurry wall or grout curtain barrier technologies. The parameters quantified in this analysis of it include thermal properties, refrigeration line spacing, equipment mobilization and freezing time constraints. The economics of the process is discussed based on the Poetsch method for ground freezing. Vertical drill holes with concentric refrigeration lines are spaced along the desired freezing line. Temperature-measuring instrumentation is appropriately placed to monitor the progress of the freeze front. Plotting costs for equipment rental, drill expenses, fuel costs and time as a function of refrigeration line spacing produces an overall expense estimate that can be used to compare ground freezing with other barrier construction technologies.
Notes
"October 1984" "IAG No. DW96930180-01" References: p. 29-31.