||Design Manual: Removal of Arsenic from Drinking Water by Ion Exchange.
Rubel, F. ;
||Rubel Engineering Inc., Tucson, AZ. ;Battelle Memorial Inst., Columbus, OH.;National Risk Management Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH. Water Supply and Water Resources Div.
Drinking water ;
Water treatment plants ;
Treatment facilities ;
Ion exchange ;
Water pollution control ;
Anion exchange process ;
Operating costs ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
This design manual is an in-depth presentation of the steps required to design and operate a water treatment plant for removing arsenic in the As(V) form from drinking water using the anion exchange process. Because As(III) occurs as an uncharged anion in ground water in the pH range of 6.5 to 8, the process will not remove As(III) unless it is first oxidized to As(V). The manual also discusses the capital and operating costs, including many of the variables that can raise or lower costs for identical treatment systems.