||Fabric Boom Concept for Containment and Collection of Floating Oil.
Bon, Philip E. ;
||CONSULTEC, Inc., Rockville, Md.
||EPA-68-01-0139; EPA-15080-FWM; 04044,; 670/2-73-069
Water pollution ;
Boundary layer separation ;
Oil pollution control ;
Oil spills ;
Oil retention booms ;
Oil water separators ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
The feasibility of applying the concept of oil-water separation by means of woven hydrophilic fabric to a floating oil containment boom was investigated through a series of model tests. A preliminary model boom configuration was developed and towed at speeds to 0.686 meters/sec (2.25 ft/sec) in both calm water and waves. Oil retention performance of this model was clearly superior to that of a conventional flat plate boom of comparable draft in the environment investigated. A larger model of similar configuration demonstrated no oil leakage when towed at 0.77 meter/sec (1.5 kt) in calm water. While further detailed analysis, engineering, and testing is required to fully examine this concept, it appears that a properly designed flexible boom which uses a hydrophilic skirt material offers significant potential both as a containment device for floating oil in high current situations and as a high-speed collecting device. (Author)