|| World Health Organization,
Acrolein--Physiological effect. ;
Acrolein--adverse effects. ;
Environmental Exposure. ;
Occupational Exposure. ;
Risk Assessment. ;
Contrãole sanitaire. ;
Effets sur l'environnement. ;
Produits chimiques organiques. ;
Substances toxiques. ;
TOXIC SUBSTANCES. ;
CHEMICAL SAFETY. ;
||RA1190.C66 no. 43 2002
||OCSPP Chemical Library/Washington,DC
||iv, 46 pages : illustrations ; 30 cm.
"Published under the joint sponsorship of the United Nations Environment Programme, the International Labour Organisation, and the World Health Organization, and produced within the framework of the Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals." Includes bibliographical references (pages 31-38).
Identity and physical/chemical properties -- Analytical methods -- Sources of human and environmental exposure -- Environmental transport, distribution, and transformation -- Environmental levels and human exposure -- Comparative kinetics and metabolism in laboratory animals and humans -- Effects on laboratory mammals and in vitro test systems -- Effects on humans -- Effects on other organisms in the laboratory and field -- Effects evaluation -- Previous evaluations by international bodies. This book evaluates the risk to human health and the environment posed by exposures to Acrolein. Acrolein is a clear, colorless liquid with an intensively acrid odor. It is released to the atmosphere as a product of fermentation and ripening processes. It is also emitted by forest fires as a product of incomplete combustion. In Canada, acrolein is used mainly as an aquatic herbicide in irrigation canals and as a microbiocide in produced water during oil exploration. Based upon studies conducted primarily in laboratory animals, adverse health effects associated with exposure to acrolein are mostly confined to the tissue of first contact (i.e., the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts after inhalation and ingestion, respectively) and are concentration related.--Publisher's description.