Small-scale dry peat mining operations are having a significant environmental impact on inland bogs and fens in certain regions of the northern United States. Peat is a valuable nonrenewable resource for horticultural and agricultural purposes, and the demand for this resource increases each year. Current dry mining methods can destroy the wetland values of small bogs and fens. This report characterizes the hydrology, water chemistry, vegetation, wildlife utilization, air quality, and nonconsumptive use values of inland bogs and fens to better understand the ecological significance and value of these wetlands. Numerous environmental impacts are associated with the various stages of peat mining. These potential impacts are identified and best management practices are recommended for the mitigation of adverse effects resulting from mining activities.