||Watershed versus In-Lake Alkalinity Generation: A Comparison of Rates Using Input-Output Studies.
Shaffer, P. W. ;
Hooper, R. P. ;
Eshleman, K. N. ;
Church, M. R. ;
||NSI Technology Services Corp., Corvallis, OR. ;Meta Systems, Inc., Cambridge, MA.;Corvallis Environmental Research Lab., OR.
Water pollution ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
As a means of assessing the relative contributions of watershed (terrestrial) and in-lake processes to overall lake/watershed alkalinity budgets, alkalinity production rates for watersheds and low alkalinity lakes were compiled from the literature and compared. Analysis of data indicates that for low alkalinity systems, areal alkalinity production rates for watersheds and lakes are approximately equal. The relationship suggests that watershed area to lake area ratio can be used as a convenient estimator of the relative importance of watershed and in-lake sources of alkalinity for drainage lake systems. For precipitation-dominated seepage lakes and other systems where hydrology limits soil-water contact, hydrologic flow paths and residence times can be of overriding importance in determining alkalinity sources. For regions dominated by drainage lakes with high watershed area to lake area ratios (such as the Northeastern U.S.), however, alkalinity budgets are dominated by watershed processes. Omission of in-lake alkalinity consideration for most lakes in such regions would have little impact on computed alkalinity budgets or on predicted response to changes in acidic deposition loadings. (Copyright (c) 1988 by Kluwer Academic Publishers.)