The archaeology of New York City -- Digging in New York -- The creation of the world: the Paleoindian period, 11,000-10,000 B.P. -- Settling down in the Archaic, 10,000-3,700 B.P. -- Funerary pyres on Long Island: the Transitional, 3,700-2,700 B.P. -- Tidewater trade and ritual: the early and middle Woodland, 2,700-1,000 B.P. -- Tethered to the land: the late Woodland, 1,000-4,000 B.P. -- A tumultuous encounter: "Some monster of the sea -- The arrival of the global economy -- Daily life in New Amsterdam and early New York -- Urban space in the colonial and post-Revolutionary city -- Daily life in the nineteenth-century city -- Building the city: the waterfront -- Building in the city: early urban backyards -- Beyond the city's edge -- "We were here": the African presence in colonial New York -- Common ground.