A 1-month air-quality study was conducted in the communities adjacent to John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens and Nassau Counties, New York, from September 24 to October 24, 1964. To evaluate the air pollution problem in these communities, especially problems attributable to aircraft operations, eight sampling stations were located in the area. Atmospheric particulate samples were collected at six sampling stations, total atmospheric gaseous hydrocarbon samples, at one, and meteorological measurements were obtained at another station. An odor survey was also conducted as was meteorological data. A questionnaire seeking opinions and experiences relating to air pollution conditions in the vicinity of airports serving other large cities is presented.