||The transportation and environmental impacts of infill versus greenfield development : a comparative case study analysis /
||Hagler Bailly Services, Inc., St. Paul, MN. ;Criterion Planners/Engineers, Portland, OR.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.
|| United States Environmental Protection Agency, Urban and Economic Development Division,
||231-R-99-005; EPA 231-R-99-005
City planning--Environmental aspects. ;
Cities and towns--Growth--Environmental aspects. ;
Urban policy--Environmental aspects.
Transportation models ;
Environmental impacts ;
Urban areas ;
Travel demand ;
Travel costs ;
Travel time ;
Traffic congestion ;
Transportation planning ;
Suburban areas ;
Metropolitan areas ;
Case studies ;
Brownfield development ;
San Diego(California) ;
Montgomery County(Maryland) ;
West Palm Beach(Florida)
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||20, xi pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
EPA modeled the transportation and environmental impacts of locating the same development on two sites--one infill, and one suburban edge/greenfield--and compared the results. This analysis was conducted in three regions: San Diego, California; Montgomery County, Maryland; and West Palm Beach, Florida. For each site pair, modeling predicted that the infill site would outperform the greenfield site in six important dimensions: average trip distance: generally shorter with the infill site; per capita vehicle miles traveled: generally fewer with the infill site; travel time: generally shorter with the infill site; public infrastructure and household travel costs: lower with the infill site; environmental impacts, including emissions: smaller with the infill site, and multi-modal orientation, and access to community amenities and transportation choices: greater at the infill site. These case studies suggest that identifying public benefits from infill does not require using a particular level of travel model sophistication. The transportation effects of even moderately sized alternative development patterns were not so subtle that one needs a highly sophisticated model to identify them.
"EPA publication number 231-R-99-005." "October 1, 1999."