||Computer-Assisted Studies of Molecular Structure and Genotoxic Activity by Pattern Recognition Techniques.
Stouch, T. R. ;
Jurs, P. C. ;
||Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park.;Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Pattern recognition ;
Molecular structure ;
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Often a compound's biological activity is determined by complex relationships between its structural components. Such a relationship often can only be adequately described and exploited by multivariate structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies that can deal with many variables simultaneously. Pattern recognition (PR) is a multivariate technique that is well suited for the qualitative, active-inactive, data that is often supplied by biological assays. PR studies of compounds of known activity can yield information that will allow the prediction of the activity of untested compounds. ADAPT is a computerized system that was developed for such PR-SAR studies. A general introduction to the field is presented and the methodology used for such a study is described in the context of an actual study of mutagenic compounds. The data requirements, descriptor generation, and the details of a PR study are discussed. In addition, the example study was chosen to highlight the problems that may occur if a study is not well formulated and carefully executed. Current work and future plans for computerized mutagen screening are discussed.