||Mercury study report to Congress : volume 4. an assessment of exposure to mercury in the United States.
Mahaffey, K. R. ;
Rice, G. E.
||Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards.
|| Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards and Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Mercury--Environmental aspects--United States. ;
Mercury--Toxicology--United States. ;
Factory and trade waste--Environmental aspects--United States. ;
Mercury wastes--Environmental aspects--United States.
United States ;
Environmental exposure ;
Air pollution effects(Humans) ;
Mercury compounds ;
Ecological concentration ;
Health effects ;
Environmental exposure pathway ;
Environmental effects ;
Risk assessment ;
Ethnic groups ;
Age groups ;
Public health ;
Food chains ;
Aquatic ecosystems ;
Water pollution ;
Environmental transport ;
Food consumption ;
Air pollution sources ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||318 pages : illustrations, maps ; 28 cm
This volume assesses exposure of the U.S. general population to methylmercury through consumption of fish and shellfish. Analyses of patterns of fish consumption by humans were based on contemporary food consumption surveys of nationally representative populations in the United States, and for subpopulations identified as consumers of substaintially higher amounts of fish/shellfish than are more typical consumers. These subpopulations include: Native American Tribal groups, Alaskan natives, persons of Asian/Caribbean/South Pacific Island ethnicity, and subsistence fishers. Mercury concentrations in marine/fresh water/estuarine species are described. Commerical data on quantities of seafood available and sources of fish/shellfish consumed are provided based on commercial and National Marine Fisheries Service data bases. Mercury exposures are calculated for multiple groups, but particularly for women of childbearing age, and for children. Alternative presentations of patterns of fish/shellfish consumption (e.g., daily, per capita, consumers only, and month-long patterns) for the general population are provided. Assessment of mercury exposures based on biomonitoring of mercury in hair and blood among North American groups are provided. A brief summary of additional sources of mercury (e.g., occupational exposures) is included. Sources of variability and uncertainty are described, and when possible, quantitated.
Principal authors: Martha H. Keating [and others]. "December 1997." Includes bibliographical references. "EPA-452/R-97-005--Cover, v. 1. Microfiche.
v. I. Executive summary -- v. II. An inventory of anthropogenic mercury emissions in the United States -- v. III. Fate and transport of mercury in the environment -- v. IV. An assessment of exposure to mercury in the United States -- v. V. Health effects of mercury and mercury compounds -- v. VI. An ecological assessment for anthropogenic mercury emissions in the United States -- v. VII. Characterization of human health and wildlife risks from mercury exposure in the United States -- v. VIII. An evaluation of mercury control technologies and costs.