The effects of air and water pollution controls on solid waste generation were evaluated. The solid wastes from pollution control were identified for individual industrial sectors by their original air or water pollutant constituents, and the treatment process applied. The wastes were categorized by type and by location (rural or urban). Total solid wastes from pollution control activities were estimated for 1971 and projected for 1975, 1980, and 1985. Particulates and sulfur oxides were identified as the major air pollutants capable of generating solid wastes when treated; suspended solids and biological oxygen demand were identified as the principle sources for the impact of water pollution control on solid wastes. Important sectors generating solid wastes included power plants, paper and pulp, chemicals, cement and clay, steel furnaces, nonferrous smelting and refining, sewerage systems, and uranium mining. An 83 page executive summary is available separately (EPA-670/2-74-095a).