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RECORD NUMBER: 3 OF 40

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Acid Volatile Sulfide Predicts the Acute Toxicity of Cadmium and Nickel in Sediments.
Author Di Toro, D. M. ; Mahony, J. D. ; Hansen, D. J. ; Scott, K. J. ; Carlson, A. R. ;
CORP Author Manhattan Coll., Bronx, NY. ;Science Applications International Corp., Narragansett, RI.;Environmental Research Lab., Narragansett, RI.
Publisher c1991
Year Published 1991
Report Number EPA-R-816326; EPA/600/J-93/272 ; ERLN-1173
Stock Number PB93-222107
Additional Subjects Toxicity ; Cadmium ; Nickel ; Water pollution effects(Animals) ; Sediments ; Fresh water environment ; Marine environment ; Chemical reactions ; Biological availability ; Aquatic animals ; Annelida ; Snails ; Amphipoda ; Reprints ; Acid volatile sulfides
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
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Status
NTIS  PB93-222107 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 11/22/1993
Collation 8p
Abstract
Laboratory toxicity tests using amphipods, oligochaetes, and snails with spiked freshwater and marine sediments and with contaminated sediments collected from an EPA Superfund site demonstrate that no significant mortality occurs relative to controls if the molar concentration of acid volatile sulfide (AVS) in the sediment is greater than the molar concentration of simultaneously extracted cadmium and/or nickel. Although it is well-known that these metals can form insoluble sulfides, it apparently has not been realized that AVS is a reactive pool of solid-phase sulfide that is available to bind metals and render that portion unavailable and nontoxic to biota. Thus, the AVS concentration of a sediment establishes the boundary below which these metals cease to exhibit an acute toxicity in freshwater and marine sediments. (Copyright (c) 1991 American Chemical Society.)