This report is an industry profile of drum reconditioning process characteristics and the current status of pollutant generation and disposal. An overview of the reconditioning industry describes number, location, and types of facilities, and estimates the volumes of drums processed. Drum characteristics, new drum production, and users are defined. In addition, personnel and operating procedures commonly employed within the industry are enumerated. Costs for new and reconditioned drums are compared. Washing and burning processes for reconditioning are described in detail along with operating and design criteria for individual unit operations. The detailed descriptions define typical industry practice. Processing procedures which influence product quality and environmental pollutant generation are discussed. Special emphasis is given to the processing of pesticide containers, especially with regard to the ability of reconditioning procedures to detoxify pesticide residuals. Current status of pollution control practice is defined in terms of processes and equipment, operating procedures, disposal practices, removal efficiencies, and costs. In many cases, U.S. practice is compared with that abroad.