Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog
RECORD NUMBER: 35 OF 146
|OLS Field Name||OLS Field Data|
|Main Title||Effects of raising speed limits on motor vehicle emissions /|
|CORP Author||E. H. Pechan & Associates.|
|Publisher||E.H. Pechan & Associates,|
|Subjects||Automobiles--Motors--Exhaust gas. ; Motor vehicles--Motors--Exhaust gas. ; Speed limits--Evaluation ; Air quality|
|Additional Subjects||Speed limits ; Motor vehicle emissions ; Air pollution ; Air quality ; Federal government ; Modeling ; Speed changes ; Impacts ; Highway vehicle emission factors ; Maximum highway speeds|
|Collation||50 unnumbered pages : charts ; 28 cm|
In 1974 the Federal government introduced a national speed limit of 55 miles per hour (mph) in response to the Arab oil embargo and subsequent energy crisis. This limit was raised to 65 mph for rural interstate freeways in 1987. In November of 1995, as part of the National Highway System Bill (H.R. 2274, 1995), these limitations were eliminated and control of maximum highway speeds was relinquished to the States. This analysis investigates the impact on air quality that is expected to occur as a result of the elimination of Federal speed limits. This was done by determining where speed limits have changed in the past year (by State and roadway type) and modeling expected resulting speed changes using the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) MOBILE5 a highway vehicle emission factor model.
Prepared for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Energy and Transportation Sectors Division, Office of Policy Planning and Evaluation. "March 1997." Microfiche.