Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Review of the national ambient air quality standards for lead : exposure analysis methodology and validation : OAQPS staff report.
Author Cohen, J.
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards.
Publisher Air Quality Management Division, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1989
Report Number EPA/450-2-89-011
Stock Number PB89-207914
OCLC Number 20186464
Subjects Air quality--Standards.
Additional Subjects Air pollution standards ; Lead organic compounds ; Exhaust emissions ; Exhaust gases ; Air condition ; Exposure ; Children ; Adults ; Blood ; Assessments ; Models ; Tolerances(Physiology)
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EHAM  RA1231.L4EPA-450 2-89-011 Region 1 Library/Boston,MA 04/29/2016
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 450-2-89-011 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 12/09/2013
EKAM  EPA-450/2-89-011 Region 4 Library/Atlanta,GA 06/05/1998
EKBD  EPA-450/2-89-011 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 07/27/2001
EOBD  EPA 450-2-89-011 NEIC Library/Denver,CO 08/24/2007
ERAD  EPA 450/2-89-011 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 08/19/2013
ESAD  EPA 450-2-89-011 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB89-207914 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 01/01/1988
Collation 1 volume (various pagings)
The report summarizes relevant information on multi-media lead exposure and presents the modeling methodologies that EPA staff believes should be considered for the review of the national ambient air quality standards for lead. Results of validating one of these methodologies are also presented. The significant downward trends in gasoline lead emissions and lead concentrations in the diet are accounted for in these methodologies. Young children, pregnant women (as exposure surrogates for the fetus), and middle-aged men are identified as particularly susceptible to lead. Three different exposure methodologies, developed from a wide variety of data are described: the uptake/biokinetic and aggregate air lead models, both applicable to young children, and the disaggregate air lead model, which is applicable to both young children and adults. The uptake/biokinetic model allows explicit projections of future lead concentrations in different media and in turn can estimate the impacts of these changes on different age groups of children. It is this flexibility that makes the uptake/biokinetic model adaptable for a wide range of predictive exposure assessments and why it was the focus of the validation exercises described in the paper. Results of these exercises indicate good concordance between predicted and observed blood lead levels in children living near different lead point sources.
"June, 1989." "EPA/450-2-89-011." "OAQPS staff paper."