The international politics of the environment : an introduction / Andrew Hurrell and Benedict Kingsbury -- International environmental law : its adequacy for present and future needs / Patricia Birnie -- Regime theory and international environmental management / Martin List and Volker Rittberger -- Non-governmental organizations and the legal protection of the oceans : a case study / Kevin Stairs and Peter Taylor -- Negotiating more effective international environmental agreements / Lawrence Susskind and Connie Ozawa -- Climate change : problems of law-making / Elliot L. Richardson -- The role of the United Nations / Peter S. Thacher -- The role of the World Bank / Kenneth Piddington -- The European community and international environmental policy / Nigel Haigh. Global warming and international action : an economic perspective / Wilfred Beckerman -- United States policy towards the global environment / Richard N. Cooper -- Non-governmental organizations and the making of US international environmental policy / Barbara J. Bramble and Gareth Porter -- Japan's global environmental policies / Hanns W. Maull -- The unavoidability of justice / Henry Shue -- Brazil and the international politics of Amazonian deforestation / Andrew Hurrell -- The anatomy of environmental action : the case of tropical deforestation / Norman Myers. The most pressing environmental issues, such as global warming, ozone depletion, water and air pollution, deforestation, and the loss of biodiversity generate enormous tasks for science, technology, and economic and social organization. But the seriousness and global scale of these problems also pose new challenges for international relations and demand new forms of co-operation between states. Is such co-operation possible? How can states negotiate workable international environmental agreements and implement them effectively? This book brings together leading specialists to assess the strengths, limitations, and potential of the international political system for global environmental management. Overview chapters examine the processes of international environmental negotiation, law-making, and regime formation, and explore the difficulties of implementation and enforcement. Experts close to particular institutions consider the environmental and developmental roles of the United Nations, the World Bank, and the European Community. Other chapters explore the conflicts of interest between states, especially between North and South, the increasingly central role of NGOs, and the problems of economic analysis and decision-making in the face of uncertainty, with particular reference to global climate change. Case studies of Brazil, Japan, and the United States explore critical factors influencing international environmental policy. This collection provides an authoritative and timely analysis of the political, economic, and moral issues at stake in international environmental co-operation.