||Advanced Waste Treatment Seminar, Session I, Nitrogen Removal from Wastewater, Held at San Francisco, on October 28-29, 1970.
||Federal Water Quality Administration, San Francisco, Calif. Pacific Southwest Regional Office.;California State Water Resources Control Board, Sacramento.
Sewage treatment ;
Nitrogen inorganic compounds ;
Waste water ;
Biochemical oxygen demand ;
Surface waters ;
Inorganic nitrates ;
Chemical removal(Sewage treatment)
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
Ammonia and nitrates are the principle forms of nitrogen in waste waters. Ammonia is converted to nitrates by biological oxidation. Because of this reaction it exerts a high BOD in surface waters. Nitrates are reduced to nitrogen gas by bacteria when organic matter exceeds the oxygen supply. Both compounds are algal nutrients but ammonia is much more toxic than nitrates. The best developed method for control of nitrogen compounds is biological oxidation to nitrates followed by denitrification with the aid of methanol. Ammonia stripping at high pH in cooling towers following lime treatment is effective but cannot be used during freezing weather and may suffer from serious scale problems. Selective ion exchange of ammonia with lime regeneration may be practical but the process is still in the pilot stage. Several other processes are being studied. A bibliography of pertinent references is attached.