Geographic Information Technologies - An Overview -- Soft Computing in Geographical Information Systems -- Using Geospatial Information for Autonomous Systems Control -- Agent-Based Technologies and GIS: Simulating Crowding, Panic, and Disaster Management -- Distributed Geospatial Information Service -- Geospatial Grid -- Geospatial Semantic Web -- The role of DBMS in the new generation GIS architecture -- Multimodal Interfaces for Representing and Accessing Geospatial Information -- Wayfinding with mobile devices: decision support for the mobile citizen -- Augmented Reality Visualization of Geospatial Data -- Geo-ICT and Development - The Inverted Pyramid Syndrome -- Privacy Issues in Geographic Information Technologies -- Frontiers of Geographic Information Technology. Although designed primarily for desktop mapping and analysis, Geographic Information Systems have, for some years, been 'coupled' to other 'allied' technologies. This coupling or integration has occurred for some time due to the limitations in commercially available systems. It has occurred in several areas including visualisation (virtual reality), simulation (pedestrian, urban modelling), data storage and management (distributed or Internet GIS) and decision support. The chapters of the book, written by an international group of experts examine several of these discrete areas, focussing on the use of GIS and the technology it has been allied to.