Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog
RECORD NUMBER: 12 OF 48
|OLS Field Name||OLS Field Data|
|Main Title||Determination of rates of reaction in the gas-phase in the troposphere : theory and practice. 4. Rate of indirect photoreaction /|
|CORP Author||Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Toxic Substances.|
|Publisher||U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Toxic Substances,|
|Subjects||Tropospheric chemistry--Mathematical models. ; Hydroxyl group--Environmental effects. ; Air--Pollution--Mathematical models.|
|Additional Subjects||Reaction kinetics ; Atmospheric chemistry ; Photochemical reactions ; Air pollution ; Hydroxyl radicals ; Molecular structure ; Chemical reactivity ; Troposphere ; Recommendations ; Oxidation ; Organic compounds ; Mathematical models ; Structure reactivity relationships ; Toxic Substances Control Act|
|Collation||79 pages ; 28 cm|
The document describes a test guideline (section 796.3900) which can be used under sections 4 and 5 of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) to regulate industrial chemicals. It describes structure/reactivity (S/R) relationships of Atkinson of the University of California/Riverside for estimating the second-order rate constant k(OH) and the associated half-life t(sub 1/2)E for the reaction of an organic chemical with hydroxyl radicals in the gas-phase in the troposphere. All pertinent parameters and equations are listed in the report to enable a scientist to calculate k(OH) and t(sub 1/2)E. Sixteen organic chemicals, covering a range of molecular structures, are used to illustrate the use of the S/R relationships of Atkinson to estimate k(OH). A hypothetical example is given to illustrate the use of these S/R relationships to define testing under section 4 of TSCA. A mathematical synopsis of the S/R relationships of Atkinson is given in Section IV of the report.
"EPA 700-R-92-003." Includes bibliographical references. "4. Rate of indirect photoreaction: screening test level guideline section 796.3900. Estimation of the estimation of the second-order rate constant for the reaction of organic chemicals in the troposphere." Microfiche.