Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Land-Surface Hydrology Parameterization with Subgrid Variability for General Circulation Models.
Author Wood, E. F. ; Lettenmaier, D. P. ; Zartarian, V. G. ;
CORP Author Princeton Univ., NJ. Dept. of Civil Engineering. ;Washington Univ., Seattle. Dept. of Civil Engineering. ;Camp, Dresser and McKee, Inc., Cambridge, MA.;Corvallis Environmental Research Lab., OR.;Geological Survey, Reston, VA.
Publisher c1992
Year Published 1992
Report Number DI-14-08-0001-G1138; EPA/600/J-92/288;
Stock Number PB92-217447
Additional Subjects General circulation models ; Hydrology ; Mathematical models ; Air land interactions ; Parameterization ; Evapotranspiration ; Drainage ; River basins ; Atmospheric circulation ; Climate ; Seasonal variations ; Base flow ; Infiltration ; Water balance ; Runoff ; Soil moisture ; French Broad River ; Reprints ; Variable infiltration capacity model
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB92-217447 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/01/1993
Collation 13p
Most of the existing generation of general circulation models (GCMs) use so-called bucket algorithms to represent land-surface hydrology. Biosphere-atmosphere models that include the transfer of energy, mass, and momentum between the atmosphere and the land surface are a recent alternative to the highly simplified representation of the land surface in GCMs. These models require estimation of a large number of parameters for which parameter estimation methods and supporting data remain to be developed. The authors describe a more incremental approach to generalizing the bucket representation of land-surface hydrology based on a model that represents the variation in infiltration capacity within a GCM grid cell. The variable infiltration capacity (VIC) model requires estimation of three parameters: an infiltration parameter, an evaporation parameter, and a base flow recession coefficient. The VIC model was explored through direct comparisons with the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) bucket model for the French Broad River, North Carolina, and via sensitivity analysis for the GFDL R30 grid cell which contains the French Broad River. Generally, the bucket model runoff had much greater variability than the historic streamflows for short time scales; the VIC model was much more similar to the observed flows in this respect. (Copyright (c) 1992 by the American Geophysical Union.)