Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 10 OF 2976

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title 32P-Postlabeling Analysis of DNA Adducts in Human Sperm Cells from Smokers and Nonsmokers.
Author Gallagher, J. E. ; Vine, M. F. ; Schramm, M. M. ; Lewtas, J. ; George, M. H. ;
CORP Author Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC. Genetic Bioassay Branch. ;North Carolina Univ. at Chapel Hill. Dept. of Epidemiology. ;SRA Technologies, Inc., Research Triangle Park, NC. ;Environmental Health Research and Testing, Inc., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Publisher cJun 93
Year Published 1993
Report Number EPA/600/J-94/048;
Stock Number PB94-137064
Additional Subjects DNA adducts ; Smoking ; Spermatozoa ; Benzo(a)pyrene ; Toxicity ; Phosphorus 32 ; Humans ; Feasibility studies ; Autoradiography ; Thin layer chromatography ; Reprints ;
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
NTIS  PB94-137064 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 05/14/1994
Collation 7p
Abstract
To determine the feasibility of using human sperm cells for DNA (32)P-postlabeling analyses, and to evaluate the baseline level and the possible presence of smoking-related DNA adducts in these cells, sperm DNA was isolated from 12 heavy smokers, 12 light smokers and 12 nonsmokers. The mean adduct level for the three exposure groups was not related to smoking status. Based on the level of radioactivity associated with various dilutions of a benzo(a)pyrene-derived adduct our limit of sensitivity was at least 1.2 adducts/10 to the 9th power nucleotides. The level of radioactivity expressed as putative adducts/nucleotide was not related to smoking status. One major discrete DNA adduct of unknown chemical structure was detected in three of the 36 samples analyzed (one nonsmoker and two smokers). Our study emphasizes the need to more clearly define the significance of background radioactivity associated with DNA adduct maps where the measured adduct levels approximate detection limits defined by visual observance of adduct spots. This point is particularly relevant given that the (32)P-postlabeling procedures rely, in part, on visual verification of the presence of DNA adducts.