Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Neurobehavioral Effects of Environmental Tobacco Smoke.
Author Benignus, V. A. ;
CORP Author Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC. ;North Carolina Univ. at Chapel Hill. Dept. of Psychology.
Year Published 1987
Report Number EPA/600/D-87/154;
Stock Number PB87-191797
Additional Subjects Smoking ; Neurochemistry ; Human behavior ; Exposure ; Toxicity ; Carbon monoxide ; Air pollution ; Performance ; Nicotine ; Environmental health ; Tobacco smoke pollution ; Indoor air pollution
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB87-191797 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/21/1988
Collation 28p
In order to try to predict effects of environmental tobacco smoke, neurobehavioral effects of mainstream smoke were reviewed and, in conjunction with what is known about body uptake of components of environmental tobacco smoke, conjectures were made about the probable effect of environmental tobacco smoke. Effects of mainstream smoke differ in smokers and nonsmokers. Mainstream smoke has a beneficial effect on vigilance in habitual smokers. The effect in nonsmokers is less clear and may be disruptive. In both smokers and nonsmokers mainstream smoke produces increased tremor and reduced fine motor skills. The neurobehaviorally active substances in mainstream smoke appear to be nicotine and carbon monoxide. It appears that COHb is the more important consequence of environmental tobacco smoke for neurobehavioral effects, since nicotine levels in nonsmokers only reach a small fraction of those in smokers.